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MessagePosté le: Lun 3 Juil - 19:39 (2017)    Sujet du message: Gangs And Crime In America Escalating Violence In El Salv Répondre en citant


Gangs and Crime in America: Escalating Violence in El Salvador, Background and U.S. Relations, Central America Regional Security Initiative, Sanchez Ceren Administration, Anti-Gang, Counternarcotics
by U.S. Government



->>>DOWNLOAD BOOK Gangs and Crime in America: Escalating Violence in El Salvador, Background and U.S. Relations, Central America Regional Security Initiative, Sanchez Ceren Administration, Anti-Gang, Counternarcotics


Contents: The Central America Regional Security Initiative: Disrupt the Movement of Criminals and Contraband; Escalating Violence in El Salvador; El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations. During 2015, El Salvador, a country with a population of 6.5 million people, recorded some 6,657 murders. As a result, El Salvador probably posted the world's highest homicide rate, an alarming 104 per 100,000 people, last year. El Salvador has the highest concentration of gang members per capita in Central America; as a result, gangs are responsible for a higher percentage of homicides there than in neighboring Guatemala and Honduras. The current level and type of violence that El Salvador has experienced—including massacres, killings of police and their families, and extrajudicial killings of suspected gang members—rivals the worst periods of the country's civil conflict (1980-1992). The largest and most violent gangs in El Salvador have origins in and ties with the United States. The 18th Street gang was formed in Los Angeles in the 1960s by Mexican youth who were not accepted into existing Hispanic gangs. The MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha-13) was created during the 1980s by Salvadorans in Los Angeles who had fled the country's civil conflict. Both gangs later expanded their operations to Central America after many of their leaders were deported to the region in the 1990s. Gang cliques (clicas) in El Salvador have maintained ties with gangs in the United States, particularly in the Los Angeles and Washington, DC, metro areas. Although El Salvador has struggled with gang-related violence for many years, homicides have escalated since the demise of a 2012-2013 truce between the country's two largest gangs. Post-truce, the gangs are more fragmented and powerful. Gangs have increasingly become involved in extortion; kidnapping; and drug, auto, and weapons smuggling. Gangs have extorted millions of dollars from residents, bus drivers, and businesses. Failure to pay often results in harassment or violence. In July 2015, gang threats prompted a three-day shutdown of San Salvador's bus system. Gang-related crimes continue to drive internal displacement and illegal emigration.






Gangs and Crime in America: Escalating Violence in El Salvador, Background and U.S. Relations, Central America Regional Security Initiative, Sanchez Ceren Administration, Anti-Gang, Counternarcotics U.S. Government






immigration attorney says there has been a dramatic increase in the number of women and girls seeking asylum after having been ...
  Over the past decade, Mexico and Central America have witnessed escalating levels of community violenceNo...

1997, 32).  Crime & Justice International ...gangs in El Salvador to the U.SKoonings and ...
Chinatown Gangs Extortion, Enterprise, and Ethnicity (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)(英文电子书).PDF,ChinatownGangsSTUDIESINCRIMEANDPUBLICPOLICYMichael...
in El Salvador and Honduras Invigorate Youth Gangs...and security in Central America, as these are ...with a detailed look at violence and crime rates...
At least 16 people were killed when street gangs attacked two passenger buses, spraying one with bullets and dousing the other with gasoline before ...
largest total prison population in the world by a very wide margin, hundreds of communities all over America are being overwhelmed by crime and violence...
: community-based strategies to combat gang violence in El SalvadorThis...in Central America, which is characterized by economic and social segregation...
Central America and Mexico: Child Migration Report: A Treacherous Journey, Child...Fleeing Sexual Violence at the Hands of Gangs in Honduras and El Salvador...
Impact Evaluation of USAID'sCommunity-Based Crime and Violence Prevention Approach in Central America: Regional Report for El Salvador,Guatemala, Honduras and...
Central America has the world's highest homicide ...the increase in violence and organized crime highlights...of the Americas held in El Salvador in 2012...
2010年7月13日 - 017、Political Movements and Violence in Central America_ _ _.pdf...Estimating economic effects of political movements in china一篇经济学论...
Violent crime increases in America查看此网页的中文翻译,请点击 翻译此页

查看此网页的中文翻译,请点击 翻译此页
Ribando Seelke, Clare - 2016
Ellen Van Damme - Trends in Organized Crime
World Bank - 《World Bank Other Operational Studies》 - 2010 - 被引量:58
Blackman, Kate - 2014

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Gangs and Crime in America: Escalating Violence in El Salvador, Background a




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全部释义和例句试试人工翻译
Oettler, Anika - 《Social Science Electronic Publishing》 - 2007 - 被引量:14
d Violence, and Mano Dura in El Salvador...on gangs to eliminate the insecurity in the country...Simultaneously, while tough on crime policies were...
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Gang Violence and Security in Central AmericaBy...has mutated into a new form of organized crime....How did youth gangs in El Salvador, Guatemala, ...

: Youth Gangs and Citizens’ Attitudes towards Crime in Central America...Discourses on Violence in Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua: Social Percepti...
El Salvador's failed gang truce can provide lessons in crime reduction in Central America.

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Gang violence has turned the small South American country of El Salvador, roughly 1,500 miles south of the United States border, into the murder capital...
IBTimes UK looks at the most violent gangs in El-Salvador where 15 people are killed every day
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Van der Borgh, Chris and Wim Savenije, 2004, 'Youth Gangs, Social Exclusion and the Transformation of Violence in El Salvador.' In KThe best overview of violent and property crime in the Unites States.
Information on El Salvador — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well...
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Latin America as a whole is the most violent...
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Peterson Martyrdom, Sacrifice, and Political Memory in El Salvador A MONTH ...and violence associated with street crime in particular has emerged as a ...
socioeconómica y política de El Salvador...Farin˜ a LP, Miller S, Cavallaro, JLimmigration ...a marked postwar increase in violence and criminal...
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in El Salvador: The homicide rate has abruptly ...a quid-pro-quo arrangement with the gangs, but...and the cost of crime and violence is equivalent...
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